ADHD

ADHD6

    Definition

ADHD is a chronic condition which includes combination of problems   such as difficulty sustaining attention; hyperactivity; & impulsive behavior.

Risk factors

  • Genes have role in development of ADHD.
  • Blood relatives with ADHD (parents; sibling) or any another mental health disorder.
  • Exposure to environmental toxin such as lead usually found in paints & pipes.
  • Maternal drug use; alcohol; smoking; poisons(polychlorinated biphenyl) during pregnancy.
  • Brain injuries
  • Premature birth.
  • Male child are more prone than female child.

Types:

3 types of ADHD

  • COMBINED ADHD- Involves symptoms of both inattentiveness & hyperactivity/impulsivity.
  • INATTENTIVE ADHD- It is marked by impaired attention.
  • HYPERACTIVE-IMPULSIVE ADHD- It is marked by hyperactivity without attention.

Syptoms:-

  • difficulty paying attention.
  • frequently day dreaming.
  • difficulty in following instructions.
  • problem in organizing tasks.
  • frequently forgetful & losses needy things such as books; pencil or toys.
  • fails to finish school work; chores; or other tasks.
  • easily distracted.
  • frequently fidgets or squirms.
  • difficulty remaining seated & seems in constant motion.
  • excessively talkative.
  • very impatient; can’t wait for his turn to come.
  • Interrupts others in conversation.
  • act as “if driven by motor”
  • answers before question has been completed.
  • making careless mistakes.

People with ADHD may have problems like depression; anxiety; or learning difficulties. They may prone to smoke & drug abuse.

Diagnosis:

A child shouldn’t receive a diagnosis of ADHD unless the core symptoms of ADHD start early in life & create significant problems at home & school. There is no specific test for ADHD, but making a diagnosis will likely include:

  • MEDICAL EXAM to help rule out other possible causes of symptoms.
  • INFORMATION GATHERING of any current medical issue, personal & family medical History & school record. INTERVIEWS OR QUESTIONNAIRES for family members; child’s teacher or people who know that child well.

ADHD RATING SCALE to collect & evaluate information about the child.

In this parent report; teacher report; (for affected child) & youth-self report; adult-self report is taken into consideration to diagnose ADHD.

Complications:

 children with ADHD-

  • often struggles in schools, which can lead to academic failure & judgment by others.
  • tends to have more accidents & injuries than other children.
  • have poor self-esteem.
  • Likely to have trouble interacting with & being accepted by peers & adults.
  • Are at higher risk of alcohol & drug abuse.

Treatment:

AllopathicT/t –

psychostimulants are most commonly prescribed drugs. These stimulant seems to balance brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. They help to relieve the symptoms but DOES NOT CURE IT.

  • Education, training & counseling also helps to relieve many symptoms.
  • behavior therapy,psychotherapy,social skills training children with ADHD often get benefit from behavior therapy & counseling. E.g of therapy includes:-
  • this helps children learn appropriate social behaviors. Best results can be achieved when team approach is used with teachers; parents;  physician; working together.

HomooeopathicT/t :

 Homoeopathy offers a BEST SCOPE OF IDEAL CURE for ADHD then other mode of systems.  It consider patients physical; psychological & emotional makeup, & this is matched with a remedy, that particular remedy is administered to that patient (particular remedy for particular patient & not for particular disease) this helps in treating the patient holistically, & removes the disease from root. Any disease can get cure when it is treated with  right constitutional similimum.

Role of society

It is the society that determines the boundary between the normal & abnormal behavior. Because of this lots of people whose behavior don’t get fit into norms of society get tagged with ADHD, though they are not actually suffering from it.thomas szasz  a renowned psychiatrist has rightly said that “ADHD was invented & not discovered”.

Society should be supportive to such people. Kids who are suffering should be treated normally like the other kids by their parents; teachers; relatives etc. Apart from medicines care & love are the things which help to heal the patient fast.