Asthma is a Common Chronic, Recurrent, Reversible inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by airflow obstruction and broncho-spasm.
The chronic inflammation is associated with airway hyper-responsiveness that leads to recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing particularly at night or in the early morning wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.
Signs and symptoms –
Asthma is characterized by:
Psychological disorders are also more common with anxiety disorders occurring in between 16–52% and mood disorders in 14–41%. However, it is not known if asthma causes psychological problems or if psychological problems lead to asthma.
Types of Asthma
Patho physiology – Air is normally taken into the body through the nose and wind pipe and into the bronchial tubes. At the end of the tubes are tiny air sacs called alveoli that deliver fresh air (oxygen) to the blood. The air sacs also collect stale air (carbon dioxide), which is exhaled out of the body. During normal breathing, the bands of muscle surrounding the airways are relaxed and air moves freely. But during an asthma episode or “attack,” there are three main changes that stop air moving freely into the airways:
The narrowed airway makes it more difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs. As a result, people with asthma feel they cannot get enough air. All of these changes make breathing difficult.
Clinical diagnosis by Physician is most Important. Spirometry and Pulmonary Function Test will help to diagnose and quantify the illness.
Spirometry is recommended to aid in diagnosis and management. It is the single best test for asthma.
The evidence for the effectiveness of measures to prevent the development of asthma is weak. Some show promise including: limiting smoke exposure, breastfeeding, and increased exposure to Tobacco. Smoking bans are effective in decreasing exacerbations of asthma.
While there is no cure for asthma in conventional treatment, but symptoms can typically be improved and controlled. The most effective treatment for asthma is identifying triggers, such as cigarette smoke, pets, or aspirin, and eliminating exposure to them.
Broncho-dilators are recommended for short-term relief of symptoms. Inhaled corticosteroids are the final treatment option for control of Asthma.
MOST PROMISING TREATMENT OF ASTHMA is available in HOMOEOPATHY. It treats disease from its roots and genetic predisposition and can cure it completely so that there is no need for any medication in future.
Avoidance of triggers is a key component of improving control and preventing attacks. Those cured by Homoeopathy may not need to avoid allergens or need not take any precautions