Breast Tumor

breast tumor

                             A breast lump (tumor) is a localized swelling, protuberance, bulge or bump in the breast that feels different from the breast tissue around it or the breast tissue in the same area of the other breast. The majority of breast lumps are not cancerous (benign), and can have various different causes, such as infection, trauma, fibro adenoma, cyst, or fibrocystic condition of the breast. Even so, a woman who detects a breast lump should have it evaluated as soon as possible.

Breast lumps may develop in both males and females, but are much more common in females.

Signs and symptoms of breast lump:-

Everyone’s breasts are different; altering with age and at different times of the month. Lookout for changes that is unusual for her, such as:

  • Lumps or thickening of breast tissues
  • Continuous pain in a breast or armpit
  • One breast becoming larger or lower
  • Puckering or dimpling of the skin
  • Nipples becoming inverted (turned in), changing shape or position
  • Nipples developing a rash, crusting or producing discharge
  • Swelling under the armpits or around the Not all lumps are cancerous – they may be benign cysts or overgrowth of tissue.

                      The signs and symptoms of breast lumps vary, and depend mainly on what is causing them (it). A symptom is sensed by the patient, while a sign is detected by others, including the doctor or nurse. An example of a symptom might be pain, while dilated pupils could be a sign.

Type of breast lumps:-

Fibroadenosis: – Symptoms may alter during the menstrual cycle – tending to become more pronounced just before or during menses (menstrual bleeding). After the menopause women do not generally have symptoms any more. Doctors say fibroadenosis is the female body’s normal reaction to changes in hormone levels.

Fibroadenoma:–These are small, solid, rubbery, benign (non-cancerous) lumps, consisting of fibrous and glandular tissue. They sometimes develop outside the milk duct. Doctors often recommend a tissue sample (biopsy) to rule out cancer because they appear as a lump.

Signs and symptoms include:-

  • A well-rounded, smooth, solid lump
  • May get larger during pregnancy
  • Occur in women of childbearing years
  • They are painless
  • They may disappear on their own, but can often persist and slowly grow
  • When touched they move easily
  • They have a rubber-like texture.

 Breast cyst :–A cyst is a closed sac-like structure – an abnormal pocket of fluid, like a blister – that contains either liquid, gaseous, or semi-solid substances. A breast cyst is a fluid-filled sac within the breast; there may be many or just one. They are typically:

  • Round1
  • With distinct edges
  • With a soft grape like or water-filled balloon texture
  • The cyst may feel firm
  • More common in woman in their 30s and 40s.
  • Abscesses:-  may be quite painful and may sometimes develop within the breast. They are non-cancerous. Nearby breast skin can become red and feel hot or solid. Women who are breast feeding are more likely to develop breast abscesses.

A Breast Cancer lump (tumor) usually feels hard/firm. It typically has an irregular shape and may feel as if it is stuck to the skin or deep tissue within the breast. Breast cancer is hardly ever painful and can develop in any part of the breast or nipple.

A lump that is soft and generally movable and painless is probably a lipoma. It is a non-cancerous lump; a benign fatty tumor. Even though the majority of breast lumps are benign – non-cancerous – they should not be dismissed until checked by a doctor.

breast cancer – during the early stages breast cancer does not have any palpable symptoms (symptoms the patient can notice). However, as the tumor grows, the way the breast looks and feels can change. The following changes may occur:

Although around 90% of them are benign (non-cancerous), they should not be dismissed.

 You should make an appointment to see your doctor

  • It is a new lump
  • The lump seems unusual
  • The lump feels different from the unsal lump?
  • There is discharge from the nipple
  • The skin on the affected area has changed; this may include crusting, dimpling, puckering, or reddening.
  • The nipple has become inverted (turned inward), and it is not usually so common.

Advice

“If you find a lump on your breast inform your GP as soon as possible”. It adds that it is crucial for a woman to be aware what her breasts normally look like and feel so that she can rapidly pick up any changes that may happen. SELF BREAST EXAMINATION IS MOST IMPORTANT and every woman must be aware of the procedure.

A GP (general practitioner, primary care physician) will carry out a physical examination of the lump, and possibly order further tests, which may include:

A mammogram – this is an X-ray of the breast. The breast is placed in a device that compresses and flattens it.

There are two types:

  • Screening mammogram
  • Diagnostic mammogram –
  • Ultrasound
  • Biopsy –A Sample of lump tissue is removed using a fine needle, and then examined under a microscope.
  • Ductogram (Galactogram) – examines the milk ducts in the breast. This diagnostic test is used if there is nipple discharge. smaller number of breast cancers can start in other parts of the breast .

Treatment Options For A Breast Lump:

Danazol , Gestrinone ,Goserelin may help but should be taken under experts advice.Homoeopathy offers more definite, promising and permanent treatment for almost all kinds of Breast tumours including early stages of cancer tumours. Even in late stages palliative remedies for relief of pain may offer great relief to the agony of patient Surgery is an standard option available in conventional method of treatment

Cancer tumors may need Surgery, Cancer Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy offers benefit to selected patients.

Vitamins A, B and E – supplements, as well as selenium may also help.

Difference between Malignant (Cancer) and Benign (Non-Cancer) Tumor.

breast-cancer